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考研英语一大作文怎么写

1

考研 英语 一大作文怎么写

标签:测绘局 rf53 顶级国际娱乐平台

养成好的写作习惯,在考研英语一的考试过程中,才能更从容地应对大作文。那么,考研英语一大作文怎么写?下面小编为大家整理的一些方法,希望大家喜欢!
 

首先一定要看清题目
 

切题是很关键的一点。阅卷老师不一定要看很新颖的思想,但是如果跑题了,那得分肯定就不会高。
 

背一些作文模板
 

虽说作文模板不是万能的,在考场上可能我们背的模板别人也背过。但是我们平时背过模板后,作文写起来会顺手很多,很多词汇和句子都能及时想到。开头和结尾句,以及作文的结构在写之前都要想清楚,所以平时背一些模板是很有必要的。但切忌不要完全套用。
 

考研英语一大作文怎么写
 

多用复杂的句式
 

有些人可能说,我就是基础差,作文想不出什么好句子。在这里有个小技巧,比如We find some use of computers in various fields. 这样句子很平淡。但改成被动句式加上一些修饰的副词或形容词Computers have been widely used in various fields这样是不是就看起来舒服多了。通常我们在一篇作文用上两三个这样的句式,作文就会增色不少。
 

语法、拼写一定要正确
 

考研英语阅卷老师的时间也是有限的,所以即使我们写出的漂亮的句式有可能也没有被发掘。但是如果语法、拼写错误太多,作文可能直接被降了档次。没有人会相信语法错误连篇的人会使用高难句型。
 

注意时态要统一
 

在英语写作过程中,我们常用的是一般现在时,其次是一般将来时和现在完成时,再次是一般过去时和现在进行时。我们要注意的是写作时态要统一,下笔前想好句子表达的是现在时还是过去时等。不能一会一般现在时,一会一般过去时,不然的话你的作文就彻底没得高分的机会了。
 

字迹要工整漂亮
 

俗话说,“字如其人”如果字写得不好看,甚至是让阅卷老师认不清。那么再好的文章都得不到赏识。
 

千万不能抄袭
 

有可能你会想,我没有时间写作文了,能不能抄一篇啊,或者是是试卷上的阅读理解。这也是万万不行的,阅卷老师当然会发现,千万不能有侥幸心理,我们一定要自己动手写。
 

2

考研英语作文应该如何写

首先,一般来说,卷面整洁、语法错误少会给让你的文章给考官留下很好的印象。不要小看这个印象分,同样的是13-16分档文章,印象分的浮动范围可以达到4分之多。可见书写、卷面以及语法等技能也是我们需要下功夫的技能。而且,这些技能都不能突击。只有日积月累才会有大的提高。
 

其次,文章的首部,也就是第一段也是考官最先看到的部分,这一部分将决定考官对你的第一评价。阅卷考官通常是在阅读完第一段之后就开始将文章的分数档归类。因此如果第一段写得好,考官在潜意识中预期后面两段应该保持与第一段相近的水准,即使考生犯了一些小错误,也是高档次的低分而不至于被打到低分数档中。
 

再次,文章的连贯性。在第一印象之后,考官会迅速浏览你的文章,寻找那些符合评分标准高分要求的要素。如果你的文章行文发展思路清晰、论证充分、论据充足,自然又大大减轻了考官的工作量,使得考官能够很快掌握你的作文水平。主要的段落,如二、三段都需要有较强的层次感,使人可以快速地抓住作者的思路,同时表现出作者的逻辑感和分析表达事物的能力。英文作文的行文脉络需要一系列结构的支撑,包括逻辑衔接词、过渡句、主题句和结论句等的使用,考官在时间紧急的情况下,很可能通过这些手段的有无来判断你的行文连贯性。
 

另外,闪光词组和词汇:由于大部分中国学生的词汇量都处于一般水平,而且在写作中能够运用自如的词汇更加少,所以当考生在文章中使用几个精彩的词汇和词组,不仅能够为文章增色不少,更是能够吸引考官的眼球,取得高分。
 

最后,几个考官容易忽略的要素:你选择什么样的论点;你的论据是否完美无缺;你的论证是否毫无漏洞;少量的拼写和标点错误。也就是说,考官在阅卷过程中由于时间和条件的限制,只能更加关注文章的形式而不是内容,这一点尤其值得引起考生的关注,在考试的时候把更多时间花在宏观框架的构思和把握上。关于标点和拼写错误,注意这里所说的是少量错误。如果考生犯下大面积的拼写和标点错误,那么后果将不堪设想,导致大幅度的扣分。
 

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考研英语作文写作技巧

1
 

主动句变被动句
 

“英文多被动,汉语多主动”,还需要警惕名词与动词之间暗含的“主被动”关系。
 

Eg1: It is said that …据说/相传
 

Eg2:I suggest that … It is suggested that …
 

Eg3:Effective measures should be taken before things get worse.表建议
 

Eg4: your prompt attention to my enquiry would be highly appreciated. 表感激
 

Eg5:Students should study hard.

Students are expected / well-advised to study hard.

2
 

简单句变从句
 

名词性从句,含主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句四种;定语从句;状语
 

从句;

(1)主语从句:
 

Eg1:What worries many parents is that Internet or computer games may impact kids’ study.

Eg2:It is said that an emperor of ancient China discovered Tea 5,000 years ago. (it为形式主语;that从句为真正主语)

(2)宾语从句:
 

Eg1:Many Americans live on credit, and their quality of life is measured by how much they can borrow, not by how much they can earn.

Eg2: I am convinced that it is of great necessity for youngsters to study hard.

Eg3:明智的人不为别人的想法所影响。The sensible man is not influenced by what other people think.

(3)表语从句:
 

Eg1:That is why China is called the “Kingdom of Bicycles”.

Eg3:In team games, practice is what improves our sense of cooperation.

(4) 同位语从句
 

Eg1:(Martin Luther King) I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal." (该句中a dream = that 从句,)

Eg2:Others hold the different idea that online shopping brings us some problems.

(5) 含同位语句式
 

①人 身份
 

Eg. I am convinced that …
 

As a college student, I am convinced that …
 

I, as a college student, am convinced that …
 

② 物 性质
 

Eg. A strong will brings us power …
 

As a vital quality, a strong will brings us power…
 

A strong will, as a vital quality, brings us power…
 

③插入语
 

Eg1:As I see, the causes of this phenomenon are diverse.

The causes of this phenomenon, as I see, are diverse.

Eg2:All of a sudden, the silence of the lake was broken by a scream.

The silence of the lake, all of a sudden, was broken by a scream.

Eg3:Even so, others hold a different view.

Others, even so, hold a different view.

Eg4:Like anything else, automobiles have more than one side. (汽车跟很多其他事物一样,具有两面性)

Automobiles, like anything else, have more than one side.

(6)定语从句:
 

步骤:
 

1)先写出正确简单句,确定被修饰成分(中心名词)

2)在中心名词后加入定从,关系词who, whose, whom, where, which, when
 

Eg1:Taobao is a particularly popular website. ? Taobao is a particularly popular website, where/in which customers can purchase various goods.

Eg2:I will advice my foreign friend to visit Great Wall, where he or she can acquire knowledge of Chinese history?

3
 

it 句式
 

(1)形式主语 it is +被动/形容词/名词+that从句/to do …
 

Eg1:It is suggested/ well-advised / supposed / proposed that sb. should (not) do …
 

Eg2:It is essential / necessary / advisable / convenient/ difficult/ hard/ comfortable for sb. (not) to do
 

Eg3:It is essential / necessary that sb. should (not) do …
 

Eg4:It is useless/useful doing sth.

(2)形式宾语
 

Eg1:An increasing number of students find it difficult to spell common words correctly.

Eg2:An increasing number of parents find it hard to have opportunities to chat with kids, who spend too much time on computers.

Eg3:A host of youngsters find it rather boring and hard to understand literature.
 

考研英语一大作文怎么写
 

4
 

强调句
 

(1)强调谓语:
 

Eg1:I love you. /I do love you. / I did love you.

Eg2:Cell phone/ Internet/ computer brings us convenience.

Cell phone/ Internet/ computer does bring us convenience.

(2)强调句式:It is/was +被强调成分+that/who+句子其他成分
 

步骤
 

a. 先写出正确的简单句、并列句或复合句,明确单句的各个成分。
 

b. 在被强调成分(除谓语和补语外)两边添加it is/was 和that/who, 其他成分不变,必要时调整顺序。
 

强调句式特征 去掉it is/was…that/who结构,整个句子无冗余或成分残缺
 

Eg1:My mother always encourages me not to lose heart when I have difficulties in study.

It is my mother who/that always encourages me not to lose heart when I have difficulties in study.

It is when I have difficulties in study that my mother always encourages me not to lose heart.

Eg2:Parents’ protection does not enable kids to build up adequate ability to face social competition.

(强调句式否定形式)It is parents’ protection that does not enable kids to build up adequate ability to face social competition.

Eg3:The Internet does not enable some youngsters to spend adequate time in chatting with others face to face.

It is the Internet that does not enable some youngsters to spend adequate time in chatting with others face to face.

5
 

倒装
 

(1)表否定的副词、短语或状语位于主语之前或句首,主句半倒装(一般疑问句语序);如never, seldom, hardly, scarcely, little, on no account, by mo means, in no case,

Eg1:I will never agree. Never will I agree.

(2)Only +状语位于句首,主句半倒装。
 

Eg1:When my beloved is beside myself, I can feel the true happiness.

Only when my beloved is beside myself, can I feel the true happiness.

Eg2:When his computer crashes, he will come down-stairs for something to eat.

Only when his computer crashes, will he come down-stairs for something to eat.

Eg3:By doing small things, teenagers can accumulate ability and experience for something big.

Only doing small thing, can teenagers accumulate ability and experience for something big.

(3)As/though倒装形式
 

Eg1:Although she is a girl, Zeng Yike is called Brother Zeng.

Girl as she is, Zeng Yike is called Brother Zeng.

Eg2:Though it is convenient, online shopping leads to some problems.

Convenient as/though it is, online shopping leads to some problems.

Eg3:Although it is simple, what the picture conveys is thought-provoking.

Simple as it is, what the picture conveys is thought-provoking.

6
 

双重否定
 

Eg1:no ____ is / are more _____ than ________.

In contemporary society, no means of communication is more popular and common than cell phones.

Eg2:A strong will is very important.

The importance of a strong will cannot be too emphasized.

Eg3:Education helps people to acquire knowledge, skills and new visions.

Without education, it is impossible for people to acquire knowledge, skills and new visions.

7
 

Ving/ved 状语
 

(1)两个动作同时发生且主语一致,将次要动作写成v-ing或v-ed形式做状语,即动作与逻辑主语之间为主动关系时写成v-ing形式、为被动关系是写成V-ed形式。
 

Eg1:I climbed the stairs. I took a suitcase.

I climbed the stairs, taking a suitcase.

Climbing the stairs, I took a suitcase.

Eg2:When they are compared with cars, bicycles are superior in several ways.

Compared with cars, bicycles are superior in several ways.

Bicycles, compared with cars, are superior in several ways.

(2)两个动作主语一致,但前后发生,则可将先发生的动作写成Having +ved形式。
 

Eg1:He had lived in this city for years. He had no difficulty finding the way home.

Having lived in this city for years, he had no difficulty finding the way home.

8
 

排比结构
 

Eg1:Studies serve for delight, for ornament and for ability.

Eg2:We shall fight on the hills. We shall fight in the streets. We shall fight blood and sweet and tears.

Eg3:作为一种重要素质,自信带给我们力量、唤起我们对生活的热爱、帮助我们战胜困难。
 

As a vital quality, confidence brings us power, arouses our enthusiasm for life, and helps us to conquer difficulties.

考研英语中应用文写作,通过模板句型,经典的例句完全可以得到比较理想的分数,因为“言简意赅”就是它的特点。而大作文对于语言表达上的要求要高几个level,只是模式化的文字已经不足以打动考官,需要在原有的结构上进一步创新,让考官看的跌宕起伏,还是昏昏欲睡才是高低分的关键所在。
 

4

考研英语大作文范文参考

Directions:

Write an essay of 160—200 words based on the following picture in your essay, you should
 

1. describe the pictures briefly,

2. interpret its intended meaning, and
 

3. give your comments.

You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET. (20 points)

参考范文:
 

This picture, which illustrates the significance of the good example as parents, consists of two drawings. The first drawing shows that a father is watching TV with a cigarette in his hand. The second drawing, in contrast, shows that a father and his son are both doing their paperwork attentively. The father is commanding his son to focus on study in the first drawing while the other father is setting a good example to his son in the second.

What is intended to show in the picture is clear: Parents should be a model for their children in every aspect of life, for they are the closest people to their children and children are born to love, respect and admire them. Undoubtedly, parents have the most influential impact on their children.

Impacted by various kinds of temptations in life, we can easily encounter a scene when parents do whatever they like regardless of the negative influence on their children. Yet, what a child grows up to be is determined not so much by what he is commanded to do as what he sees his parents do. Be a good example to your children and you would not regret it.

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